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The long-standing connection between the songs of Bob Dylan and the music of Fairport Convention, Britain's longest-surviving folk-rock band, should by now come as a surprise to few. The group, founded in 1967 and baptised after a now almost famous villa in North London which answered to the name Fairport, which has seen out the decades through at least as many line-ups as Bob Dylan has had musical identities, was noted from the beginning for its fond embrace of lesser-known Dylan songs - it often seemed, the obscurer the better.

Indeed, Fairport Convention's very first Dylan cover, on their eponymous debut album of 1968, was not even a cover of a song: 'Jack o'Diamonds', featured on that album with vocals by Ian Matthews, consisted of - slightly adapted and rearranged - extracts from Dylan's poem-sequence 'Some Other Kinds of Songs', from the back cover of 'Another Side of Bob Dylan' ('jack o'diamonds/one-eyed knave/on the move/hits the street ...'). The music is by US actor Ben Carruthers, who had released his version on a 1965 single.

Fairport's gallery of members past and present has included such all-time folk-rock luminaries as Richard Thompson, Ashley Hutchings, Dave Swarbrick, Dave Mattacks, Dave Pegg, Jerry Donahue, Simon Nicol (the only founder member still with the band today), the late, much-mourned Sandy Denny, and her now also deceased husband, Australia's Trevor Lucas. Fairport's membership has always been fluid, with musicians leaving, rejoining and leaving again (even Simon deserted for a few years at one point), while former members - notably Richard Thompson, who hasn't been a member proper since 1970 - have often returned to make guest appearances on albums or, above all, to join their old mates on stage for a couple of days for the annual reunion festival at Cropredy, Oxfordshire.

In 2002, the band's 35th anniversary was marked by the release of a 4-CD box set entitled 'Fairport Unconventional', ably put together by Free Reed Records (FRQCD 35; www.free-reed.co.uk), who had already demonstrated their musical nous the previous year with a triumphant box set featuring the music of another Britfolk institution, Martin Carthy. The 72 tracks, chosen by Nigel Schofield (who also penned the accompanying 168-page booklet), are all billed as 'rare and unreleased', and the vast majority have, indeed, never officially appeared before in any medium, be it vinyl, cassette or CD. Most of the *songs*, however, will be familiar to Fairport listeners, as what the buyer gets is mostly alternate versions, studio or live, of much-loved classics, 'trad. arr.' or other, from the group's by now well-worn repertoire. For the long-term fan, the result is a feast of familiar-yet-unfamiliar listening, what could be called the folk-rock world's Million Dollar Bash (as it happens, Dylan's Basement Tapes song of that name has been several times covered by different Fairport incarnations). The booklet notes chart Fairport's history in loving detail, and, barring the inevitable minor cavils, score highly on both accuracy and readability.

This box set is, of course, not bereft of the expected Dylan interest. Indeed, Nigel Schofield informs us in the booklet (p. 53) that one of the (rejected) early proposals for one of the set's four themed CDs was 'Fairport sing Dylan'. Had it come to fruition, that idea would have given us a disc of, say, 16 Dylan covers. As it is, Bob-cover addicts will have to be content with five, of which two can be termed completely 'new'.

There is a strong version of 'Percy's Song', flagged as being from a 'private Fairport session tape' (booklet, p. 117): with Sandy Denny's eloquent lead vocal backed up by swelling choruses, this take is fairly similar to both the 'original' cut featured on Fairport's acclaimed 1969 album 'Unhalfbricking' and the radio-session version issued in 1987 on the retrospective album 'Heyday'. As Schofield points out, 'Fairport are one of the few acts to cover this outstanding Dylan song' (booklet, loc. cit.).

'Si Tu Dois Partir', the novelty cajun arrangement of 'If You Gotta Go Now', in a French translation handled somewhat haltingly by Sandy, is another number that first appeared on 'Unhalfbricking'; it also provided Fairport with the one and only (even if minor) UK hit single scored by any of the group's lineups, peaking at No 21 and lasting eight weeks in the chart. The song features here in a BBC radio session version recorded on 18 March 1969.

(Former-) producer Joe Boyd called it a Fairport Convention Reunion, but the concert on Saturday, July 18 2009 at Barbican Center in London went a few miles further even than that, really. Early members Judy Dyble, Ashley Hutchings, Dave Mattacks, Iain Matthews, Simon Nicol and Richard Thompson were there to bring back memories of the first LP's the band made in the late 1960's. But during the evening they brought forward a great cast of talented artists, consisting of Chris While, Kellie While, Kamila Thompson, Teddy Thompson and Linde Nijland (from The Netherlands).

During the first and almost full size encore Teddy & Kami took their mum Linda Thompson with them on stage to take part in Si Tu Dois Partir with Linde Nijland taking the lead vocals. The song, a rather curious translation of Bob Dylan's If You Gotta Go, Go Now was the first (and last) hitsingle of the group, largely seen as iconic for the British folk-rock tradition which doesn

'Dear Landlord' appears in a version billed as a 'Fairport rehearsal tape' (p. 118), also from March 1969 and once again with Sandy showcasing Dylan's lyrics. This slow, careful and very respectful cover of the 'John Wesley Harding' track is a less familiar element from the group's repertoire, but it is actually not Fairport's first officially released interpretation of the song: another, very similar, version appeared, credited to Fairport, in 1994 on volume 1 of Ashley Hutchings' 4-CD retrospective, 'The Guv'nor'.

The above leaves two Dylan songs never before officially released by Fairport, namely 'Lay Down Your Weary Tune' and 'I Don't Believe You'. Fairport's version of the former song can fairly be called historic, as it comes from the band's first-ever radio session (laid down for BBC Radio One on 24 November 1967). The echo-chamber, vaguely psychedelic arrangement is very much of its time, and the vocals - a tremulous Ian Matthews on lead, with Sandy Denny wailing decorously in the background - might seem a shade uncertain, but this remains one of Dylan's greatest early compositions, and it is a pleasure to hear it in almost any version. Fairport only sing three of the five verses - 1 ('Struck by the sounds'), 2 ('The ocean wild') and 4 ('The last of leaves'), each of course including the chorus. These are the same three stanzas as were sung by the Byrds on their 1965 cover of this song (released on their 'Turn, Turn, Turn!' album), which detail suggests that the Byrds' version may have been Fairport's source for this particular Dylan jewel (although Schofield suggests in his notes - booklet, p. 102 - that 'it is likely Fairport learned this tune from the album "Changes" by Jim and Jean'). Curiously, the same song was also recorded by an early line-up of Steeleye Span, the rival folk-rock band formed by Ashley Hutchings when he left Fairport, in a version which finally surfaced in 1994 (credited to Steeleye) on vol. 1 of the already-mentioned Hutchings compilation 'The Guv'nor', cheek-by-jowl with Fairport's 'Dear Landlord'. The Steeleye version, which takes in all five stanzas and features breathtaking harmony vocals, notably from Maddy Prior, outperforms Fairport's by a long chalk, but that is another story.

The cover of 'I Don't Believe You' brings to the fore a later and much more confident Fairport line-up: an out-take from the sessions which produced the 1973 album 'Nine', it features the powerful Antipodean vocals of Trevor Lucas, caught in confident form. All five stanzas are included; the influence of Bob's own celebrated 1966 live versions of this song is certainly there, but this energetic rendition is far from being a clone of those performances. It is also interesting to hear someone other than Dylan doing this rarely covered song (Schofield mentions a version by Al Stewart [booklet, p. 118], to which I can add one by Glen Campbell).

An additional Dylan connection is supplied by the track 'Nottamun Town' - a song featured on Fairport's 1969 album 'What We Did On Our Holidays' and here released in a BBC radio version recorded on 28 May 1968. Fairly similar to the classic album version, this is the group's darkly atmospheric take on the traditional ballad that provided a 'young [and] unlearned' Bob Dylan with the tune, and the germ of the anti-war theme to boot, for 'Masters of War' ('Nottamun' is generally believed to be Nottingham in England, of Robin Hood fame). Indeed, Schofield claims in the booklet (p. 103) that Dylan's 'later electric versions [of "Masters of War"] have, on rare occasions, reflected Fairport's arrangement [of "Nottamun Town"]'.

Apart from these tracks, further Dylan interest is provided by p. 154 of the booklet, which lists what is billed as a complete run-down of all of Fairport's Dylan covers, across the group's various incarnations and including unreleased live recordings. There are some omissions of alternate versions, and it is stretching a point somewhat to describe Fairport's version of 'Days of 49' (recorded in 1974 by the Trevor Lucas-fronted lineup and released on the 1998 Australian compilation 'Fiddlestix') as a 'Dylan cover', although it is certainly a cover of Dylan's cover of that wonderful Gold Rush song. But then again, getting all such details absolutely right is every CD compiler's hobgoblin. Meanwhile, in the appendix to this article I venture to offer my own list of Dylan and Dylan-related songs covered by Fairport.

'Taken as a whole, 'Fairport Unconventional' is a highly impressive record of the musical history of a major folk-rock act, and has all the qualities required to offer repeated listening pleasure to both hard-core devotees and those new to Fairport's music. Meanwhile, I, and no doubt others, await the half-promised 'Fairport sing Dylan' CD, a project of great potential historical interest which surely deserves to see the light of day! As Fairport sang on one of their most famous songs, 'Meet on the Ledge' from 1969. 'If you really mean it/It all comes round again' É

NOTE: Another Dylan connection, this time even roping in my own writing on the master, appears on p. 138 of the booklet, where mention is made - in connection with the Fairport song 'Genesis Hall' - of the Richard Thompson entry in the Bob Dylan Who's Who in Expecting Rain. I do not raise this point in detail here, as I have discussed it in an earlier article published on Bob Dylan Critical Corner, 'The Old Changing Way: Richard Thompson and Dylan'.

All the above is written by "Christopher Rollason" and uploaded to rec.music.dylan, 14 Jun 03 also posted on the Bob Dylan Critical Corner. It is copied from the Fairport Convention entry in the Bob Dylan's Who's Who in Expecting Rain.


A Chronicle Of Sorts 1967-1969

A Chronicle Of Sorts 1967-1969

Lay Down Your Weary Tune (BBC Top Gear 11/24/1967)
Si Tu Dois Partir (If You Gotta Go, Go Now) (BBC Top Gear 3/18/1969)
Dear Landlord (outtake from Unhalfbricking)

1995 - CD compilation - UK
Collection of radio appearances & rarities

Fairport Convention

Fairport Convention

Jack O'Diamonds

1968 - UK LP - Not really a cover,  because it's not really a Dylan song,  but one of his poems set to music without permission.  Included here for completeness.

What We Did On Our Holidays

What We Did On Our Holidays

I'll Keep It With Mine

1969 - UK LP. Released in US as: Fairport Convention (1969 - US LP)

Fairport Convention

Fairport Convention

I'll Keep It With Mine

Fairport Convention 1969 - US LP - US version of What We Did On Our Holidays

Unhalfbricking

Unhalfbricking

Si Tu Dois Partir (If You Gotta Go, Go Now)
Million Dollar Bash
Percy's Song
Dear Landlord (outtake - CD bonus track)

1969

Live Convention

Live Convention

Down In The Flood

1974

A Moveable Feast

A Moveable Feast

Down In The Flood

1974 - US version of Live Convention

Before The Moon

Before The Moon

Down In The Flood (early show)
Down In The Flood (late show)

Two concerts,  Ebbets Field, Colorado,  April 1974
2002 - 2xCD - Live

A.T.2, The Reunion Concert

A.T.2, The Reunion Concert

Forever Young (Also on:  Forever Young – A British Folk Tribute To Bob Dylan

1982 - Live - Home Park, Cropredy  8/14/1982

The Boot

The Boot

Percy's Song
Million Dollar Bash
Si Tu Dois Partir (If You Gotta Go, Go Now)

1983 - Live - Home Park, Cropredy  8/13/1983

Moat On The Ledge: Live at Broughton Castle

Moat On The Ledge: Live at Broughton Castle

Country Pie

1982 - Live - CD shown

25th Anniversary Concert

25th Anniversary Concert

Girl From The North Country

1993 - Live at Cropredy Festival   8/14/92

Ashley Hutchings The Guv'nor, Vol.1

Ashley Hutchings The Guv'nor, Vol.1

Dear Landlord (Fairport Convention outtake from Unhalfbricking)
(Also on:  Forever Young – A British Folk Tribute To Bob Dylan)

1994 - CD compilation - 1996 US CD shown

Red & Gold

Red & Gold

Open The Door, Richard (Open The Door, Homer)

Same recoring on 3 cd's: Red & Gold (1995), Close To The Wind (1998), Rhythm Of The Times (2003)

Close To The Wind

Close To The Wind

Open The Door, Richard (Open The Door, Homer)

Same recoring on 3 cd's: Red & Gold (1995), Close To The Wind (1998), Rhythm Of The Times (2003)

Rhythm Of The Times

Rhythm Of The Times

Open The Door, Richard (Open The Door, Homer)

Same recoring on 3 cd's: Red & Gold (1995), Close To The Wind (1998), Rhythm Of The Times (2003)

The Quiet Joys of Brotherhood: Live at the Cropredy Festivals 1986 & 1987

The Quiet Joys of Brotherhood: Live at the Cropredy Festivals 1986 & 1987

Tomorrow Is A Long Time (recorded 1987)

The Cropredy Box - Cropredy Festival,  8/8+9/1997

The Cropredy Box - Cropredy Festival, 8/8+9/1997

Jack O'Diamonds
Million Dollar Bash
Si Tu Dois Partir (If You Gotta Go, Go Now)

Festival: Cropredy 2002

Festival: Cropredy 2002

Jack O'Diamonds
It Takes A Lot To Laugh, It Takes A Train To Cry
I'll Keep It With Mine
Million Dollar Bash
You Ain't Going Nowhere

Cropredy Festival,  8/9+10/2002

Fairport Unconventional

Fairport Unconventional

The 3 tracks from "A Chronicle of Sorts" (top of page) plus:
I Don't Believe You (outtake from 1973 album “Nine”)
Percy's Song ("rare" - alternate take?)

2002 - 4xCD Box


Appendix

List Of Dylan Compositions Covered By Fairport Convention

Note: this list does *not* include any of the many Dylan covers released byFairport members before or after their respective spell[s] as members of theband. It does, however, include items released on compilations of recordingsreleasd under the names of Fairport alumni - viz. Sandy Denny and AshleyHutchings - where those items are specifically credited to 'FairportConvention'. To avoid an endless proliferation of detail, I cite – unlessthere is a specific reason for mentioning other versions - the firstFairport version ONLY (according to chronological release order), althoughmany of the songs in fact appear several times over in the Fairportdiscography, often in versions by different lineups.

Dylan compositions covered on official Fairport releases (limited-editionissues included) - total: 16

  1. Country Pie ('Moat on the Ledge', 1982)
  2. Dear Landlord ('The Guv'nor, vol. 1' [Ashley Hutchings], 1994; 1969recording)
  3. Down in the Flood ('Fairport Live Convention', 1974)
  4. Forever Young ('AT2' [limited-issue cassette], 1983)
  5. Girl from the North Country ('25th Anniversary Concert', 1993; with RobertPlant)
  6. I Don't Believe You ('Fairport Unconventional', 2002; 1973 recording)
  7. If You Gotta Go, Go Now (translated into French as 'Si Tu Dois Partir')('Unhalfbricking', 1969)
  8. I'll Keep It With Mine ('What We Did On Our Holidays', 1969)
  9. Jack o'Diamonds [extracts from Dylan poem set to music by Ben Carruthers] ('Fairport Convention', 1968)
  10. Knockin' on Heaven's Door ('Who Knows Where The Time Goes' [Sandy Denny],1985; 1974 recording)
  11. Lay Down Your Weary Tune ('Fairport Unconventional', 2002; 1967 recording)
  12. Million Dollar Bash ('Unhalfbricking', 1969; two later versions with new lyrics by Ashley Hutchings, on '25th Anniversary Concert', 1993 and 'The Cropredy Box', 1998)
  13. Open the Door, Richard ('Red and Gold', 1988)
  14. Percy's Song ('Unhalfbricking', 1969)
  15. Tomorrow Is A Long Time ('The Third Leg' [limited-issue cassette], 1988)
  16. When I Paint My Masterpiece ('Swarbaid' [limited-issue EP], 1999)

Other songs of Dylan interest covered on official Fairport releases - total: 2

  1. Days of 49 [song covered by Dylan on 'Self Portrait'] ('Fiddlestix', 1998; 1974 recording)
  2. Nottamun Town [source for 'Masters of War'] ('What We Did On Our Holidays', 1969)

Dylan compositions covered live by Fairport but never officially released - total: 7

  1. All Along the Watchtower
  2. Dark Eyes
  3. George Jackson
  4. I Shall Be Released
  5. I Want You
  6. It Takes A Lot to Laugh, It Takes A Train to Cry
  7. Like a Rolling Stone

"All history is contemporary history" - Benedetto Croce (1941)
Christopher Rollason, M.A., Ph.D., Metz, France

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